Why Would a Creditor Refuse an IVA? Main Reasons

Are you questioning why a creditor would refuse an Individual Voluntary Arrangement (IVA)? Many people ask this same question. This article will help you understand:

Sometimes, a creditor may say no to an IVA. This could be because of an unrealistic budget, incorrect information, or bad past experiences. But don’t worry; if your IVA is rejected, there are other paths you can take to manage your debt. We’re here to guide you through these options.

Our advice comes from years of experience helping people with debt issues. Each month, thousands of people visit our website for advice on IVAs. We understand the worry and stress that debt can cause, and were here to help you navigate this tricky situation.

Let’s get started.

Why was My IVA Rejected by My Creditors? 

There could be a number of different reasons, depending on your circumstances, as to why your IVA was rejected. 

Some of these are: 

You Provided Incorrect or Incomplete Information 

Remember that your creditors are people or entities that have been dealing with you for a while. Hence, they will have some semblance as to what your financial circumstances are like.

When youre coming to them with an IVA proposal, they will expect you to be thorough as well as truthful. 

Thus, if a creditor is aware that youre hiding something in your IVA proposal or are presenting it as something that its not, its highly likely that they will reject your proposal. 

Your creditors may inquire about it with your IP who will be chairing the IVA meeting of creditors but they are under no obligation to do so. 

Theres a chance that they may flat-out reject your proposal if they feel that theyre being lied to.

Thus, its important that you be extensive and honest when youre writing your initial proposal in order to get your IVA approved. 

Unrealistic Budget or Payment Plan 

When youre trying to take care of your debt through an IVA, youre going to need to be honest about what your payment plan is going to look like.

It should be your best possible attempt to address the unsecured debt you have with your creditors. 

Thus, the payment plan that you propose to take care of your debts should be consistent with the income and expenditure you provide in your proposal. 

Its important that you disclose all the debt you have as well as all the income that comes your way each month. Nothing should be omitted, understated or overstated. 

For example, if you work overtime regularly and this boosts the amount of income you get, then you should include this information within your proposal. 

Similarly, the essential living expenses which you detail in your proposal should also be reasonable. 

If you share your household with a partner, then your creditors will expect you to spilt the household costs with them in a reasonable way. 

Creditors May Have Had Bad Experiences with You in the Past

If you have acted in an irresponsible way in the past regarding your finances and your creditors are aware of this, theres a likelihood that they will reject your proposal. 

If the debt you are in now occurred due to chronic addiction or irresponsible behaviour such as reckless spending, drinking or drug abuse, then your creditors will need some sort of assertation that you have mended your ways. 

If creditors feel that youre going to continue behaving irresponsibly if your IVA is approved, then, of course, theyre going to reject it. 

Your Proposal may not be Viable for a Creditor (or Creditors)

Of course, if a creditor feels that the amount that theyll be paid back by you will be very low if they enter into an IVA with you, then theyll reject your offer. 

Its more likely that creditors will be willing to accept your proposal if they feel that theres no other way you can realistically pay back your debt to them in full. 

How does the initial IVA Proposal Work? 

When you decide to opt for an IVA, the first thing you will do is look for an insolvency practitioner (IP). If youre opting for an IVA company, be sure to go for one that is authorised and regulated by the Financial Conduct Authority (FCA). 

Once youve found one, you and your IP will sit down and draft an IVA proposal.

The IVA proposal will have detailed information about your income, expenditure, total debt and assets. It will also have a complete payment plan that would be put into place if your creditors were to accept your IVA proposal. 

Once youve drafted your IVA proposal with your insolvency practitioner, they will call a meeting with your creditors and present the proposal to them. 

Your creditors will then deliberate over the proposal and either accept or reject it.

In order for your IVA proposal to be approved and your IVA to be put into place, youre going to need the approval of at least 75% of your creditors. 

Its important to note that the vote of every creditor does not hold the same weightage; It depends on how much money you owe to them. 

For example, if you owe 80% of your total debt to creditor 1 and 20% of your debt to creditor 2. Then, creditor 1s vote will count for 80%. Thus, if creditor 1 rejects your proposal but creditor 2 accepts it, then your IVA proposal will fail. 

What Should I Do if My IVA gets Rejected? 

When creditors refuse your proposal, they may provide your IP with reasons as to why they rejected it.

They may even propose some changes to your proposal. 

You then have a choice to accept their changes or make amends to your proposal in order to make it acceptable for them. 

You can choose this path if youre willing to accept the changes they propose and in this way, your proposal may get accepted.

I highly advise that no matter what your financial circumstances, you should seek debt advice from your IP before you decide to make amends to your proposal for your creditors. 

If youre not willing to accept the changes that your creditors propose, then you can opt to go for some other debt solution to take care of your debt. Depending on your financial circumstances, one debt solution may be a lot better for you than others. 

I highly advise that when youre opting to choose between debt solutions that you seek debt advice from a professional. Its a good idea to seek debt advice from independent charities such as Stepchange or Payplan. Theyll provide you with debt advice free of charge. 

Some examples of other debt solutions are: 

Debt Management Plan (DMP) 

A debt management plan is similar to an IVA in that its an agreement between you and your creditors that you will make small payments to them monthly and pay your debt back to them over an agreed-upon period of time.

Please note that a DMP is not legally binding like an IVA is. 

You can choose to set up a DMP yourself with your creditor(s) or you could also hire a debt management company (or debt charity) to get it set up. Always opt for a company that is authorised and regulated by the Financial Conduct Authority. 

Debt Relief Order (DRO) 

You can opt for a DRO if your overall debt amounts to less than £30,000 and you have a spare monthly income of less than £75. 

A DRO is much quicker than an IVA as it ends within 12 months. However, in order to qualify for a DRO, you need to have little to no assets to your name. There are also other strict eligibility criteria which you should be aware of. 

Bankruptcy 

You could file for bankruptcy and get your debt settled in a relatively shorter amount of time.

Unlike IVAs, your assets are not protected when you declare bankruptcy. They can be seized and sold off. 

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